Amarantus

(Greek, unfading). Amarantdcew. AMARANTH Coarse annual plants, grown for foliage anil the showy fl.-clusters. Related to the Cockscomb. The Amaranths are usually treated as open-air annuals. They thrive best in a hot and sunny situation. In very rich soil the lvs. become very large but usually lack in bright coloring. Seeds may be sown in the open or in frames. The dwarf and compact vars., which often have beautifully variegated foliage, may be grown in pots or used for bedding. Give plenty of room. A. I/vs. linear-lanceolate, long and drooping. Ialicilolius, Veitch. Graceful pyramidal habit, 3ft.: lvs. 5-8 in. long and %in. wide, wavy, bronze-green, changing to orange-red. Philippines. G.C.l.1871:1550. F.S. 19: 1929.AA. Lvs. broad, mostly ovate. B. Spikes drooping. caudatul, Linn. LOVE-LIES-BLEEDING.  (3-5 ft.) : lvs. ovate to ovate-oblong, stalked, green: spikes red, long and slender, naked, in a long and drooping panicle, the terminal one forming a long, cord-like tail. Also vars. with yellowish and whitish panicles. India. G.W. 6:709.—Common, and an old favorite. atropurpareas, Hort. Foliage blood-red. Probably a form of A. caudatus. Perhaps the same as Roxburgh’s A. alropurpureus from India. BB. Spikes erect. hypochondrlacus, Linn. Pa1sca’s Fearnen. Tall and glabrous: lvs. oblong-lanceolate, acute: spikes blunt, aggregated intoa thick, lumpy terminal panicle, of which the central part is elongated: bracts long-awned.—An old garden plant, with the heavy heads variously col ored, but mostly purple. Lvs. mostly purple or purple green. Probably Asian. Cult. also as A. cruéntus and A. atropurpiireus. Sometimes a weed in cult. grounds. paniculatus, Linn. St. usually pubescent: lvs. usu ally broader than in the last, and spikes acute or acutish, and in an open, more graceful terminal panicle: bracts awn-p0inted.—C0mm0n,and sometimes a weed. Lvs. usually green, but often blotched or bright purple. A showy form is A. speciosus, Sims, B.M. 2227. Cult. also as A. aanguineus. Probably originally Asian. Gangetlcns, Linn. (A. melanch6licus, Llnn.). Usually a lower plant, 3 ft. or less and often onlyl ft., with thin, ovate-pointed lvs., and fls. in short, glomerate. inter rupted spikes, both terminal and axillary.—Very varia ble. Cnlt. by Amer. Chinese (Fig. 76) as a pot-herb under the name of Hon-toi-moi, with green lvs. (Bailey, Bull. 67. Cornell Exp. Sta.). A form used for bedding, with foliage red. yellow and green, is JOSEPH'5 Com‘, or A. tricolor (G.W. 6: 709). A form with fiery red lvs. is known as A. hicolor. Various dwarf and compact bed ding forms. Used more for foliage than for fl. panicles. Asian. Other garden Amaranthuses are A . Abyssinicus, dark red; A. gibbosus, Hort., a form of A. pan iculafua; A. Hénderi, probably a hybrid with A. salicifoliua, or a 75. Arnamntus caudntus (X ‘/4). var. of it, with long-drooping, crown lvs., and tall, pyra midal stature ; A. Gérdoni, or Sunrise, with bronzy banded lvs. and brilliant scarlet lvs. on top; A . supérbus, Int. 1893. Other Amaranthnses are common weeds: A.retrollérus, Linn., A. chlordrlachys, Willd., A. dibus, Linn., A. blitoldes, \Vats., A. spiudsua, Linn. The two first are known as pigweeds and beet-roots; the third is a common tumbleweed. L_ H_ B_