Araucaria

(Chilian name). Cunfferrr, tribe Araucdriew. About 15 spe cies of S. Amer. and the Australian region, grown for their striking symmetrical habit and interesting ever green foliage. In the S. some species will thrive in the open, where the climate is not too dry, but in the N. all are grown under glass only. Lvs. st-ifl’, sharp-pointed, crowded: cones globular or oblong, terminal, hard and woody, of some species several inches in diameter. Most of the species become gigantic forest trees in their native haunts. As here treated, the genus includes 00 Iumbea and Ellfrlcla. L_ H_ B_ There are some 15 Arnucarias in cultivation. Most of these, however, are grown in limited numbers in private and botanical collections. The kinds most popular in this country are A. e:r-relsa and its varieties glaum and robusm cornprtcla. Of A. ercelsn, probably 250,000 plants in 5-inch and 6-inch pots are annually sold in the U. S. These are nearly all imported in a young state from Ghent, Belgium, where the propagation and grow ing of them is made the leading specialty at many nurseries, of which there are over 700 in that one city. The trade of the world has been supplied for many years from Ghent. Some of the large English growers have begun to grow them in considerable quantities in the past five years, but it is likely that Ghent will be the main source of supply for many years to come. A few are now propagated in this country, and as they grow easily here, it is likely that the number will be largely increased in the near future, the high price of labor being the greatest drawback. The Araucaria is the most elegant and symmetrical evergreen in cultivation, and for this reason is very popular as an ornamental plant for home decoration. It is articularly popular at Christmas time, and is then so d in great quantities. Araucarias are propagated from seed and from cuttings; the latter make the most compact and handsome specimens. To make symmetrical specimens, take cut tings from the leading shoots (see Fig. 129). If used as house plants, they thrive best in a cool room, where the temperature is not over 60° at night, and they should be placed near the light. In summer they grow best it protected by a shading of light laths, placed about an inch apart, which will admit air and at the same time break the force of the sun’s rays. They do well in any good potting compost, and should be shifted about once a year (in the spring) into larger pots. The cuttings should be planted in light compost or sand in the fall or during the winter in a cool greenhouse, with moderate bottom heat. and will root in about 8 or 10 weeks, after which they may be potted into small pots. In addition to A. rzwlsru and its variations, the following attractive species are grown in small quanti ties: A. Bidwillii, which, being of atough and hardy nature, does remarkably well as a room plant, and it is hardy in Florida and many of the most southern states; A. Goldieana, a very distinct and handsome form, and rather scarce at present ; A. vlegrms (a form of A. Braziliamz), an elegant form of dwarf and exceedingly graceful habit, and a most beautiful table plant. Cult. by Roar-2m‘ Caam.