Artichoke Jerusalem

(Helidnlhua luberosus, Linn.). Compésitaz. While the Globe Artichoke is sel dom seen in American gardens or on American tables, and surely not appreciated by our people, the Jerusalem Artichoke is so common as to be despised as a weed. The Jerusalem Artichoke is the tuber of a perennial sun flower-like plant. (Fig. 145.) It thrives on almost any drained land, without much attention as to manuring, and without coddling. The tubers may be cut to single eyes and planted like common potatoes. The cultivation is about the same as that usually given to corn or pota toes. Any time in the fall after frost has killed the tops, or the latter have matured, the crop can be gathered. Pull up the whole plant by the roots, or dig the tubers with a potato hook or prong hoe. Or, swine may be turned into the field and allowed to root up and feed on the tubers. All kinds of farm animals seem to be fond of them. They may be ground and fed, mixed with ground grains, to poultry with good results. As a succulent food for cattle, sheep, swine, and perhaps other farm stock, this tuber seems to do serve more general attention on the part us. Tuber oilerusalem Artichoke of the Ameriwn (X 1/‘)_ farmer than it has usually received. It is far ahead of the potato in productiveness, and much more cheaply grown. Raw or boiled and served with vinegar, the tuber also makes a very good winter or spring salad, and for this purpose it may find a limited sale in our markets. The chief demand for it will be for seed purposes. The easiest way of keeping the crop over winter is by leaving the tubers in the ground