Herbs of temper ate regions, of 20 or more species. Annuals or perennials, with alternate simple lvs., mostly large heads with yellow or orange rays, glabrous incurved akenes, plane naked receptacle, pappus none, and involucre broad, with scales in one or two series.
Annual: 1-2 ft. high, more or less hairy : lvs. oblong and more or less clasping, entire, thickish: heads solitary. on stout stalks, large with flat. spreading rays, showy, closing at night. S. Eu. B.M. 3204.—One of the most universal garden fls., running into many vars., distin guished by size, color, and degree of doubling.
The color varies from white-yellow to deep orange. This is the Marygold of Shakespeare's time. The ii.-heads are sometimes used in cookery, to flavor soups and stews.
The Calendula is of the easiest culture in any warm, loose soil. The seeds are usually sown where the plants are to stand, but they may be sown indoors or in a frame and the plants transplanted. The akenes are large and germinate quickly. The plant blooms the whole season, particularly if the tis. are picked. It is a hardy annual, and in the southern states will bloom most of the year. suflruticosa, Vahl. More diffuse, annual: lvs. ses sile, lanceolate. somewhat dentate: heads bright yel low, not doubled, very numerous, on long peduncles.