The type genus of a small family (25 species) of tropical herbs, shrubs or trees. Chloranthus has about 8 species. They are perennial herbs or evergreen shrubs. with jointed stems, opposite, simple leaves, and small, inconspicuous flowers in slender, terminal spikes. Perianth represented by a single scale, in the axil of which is the 1-loculed ovary, and 3 united stamens (the side stamens sometimes obsolete).
C. brachystachys, From India and China, is in the American trade. It is a shrub used for pot-growing, reaching a height of 1-2 feet, bearing glossy foliage and small, yellow berries There is an variegated-leaved form.