Capparidaceae. A large and mostly tropical genus of sub-shrubs or annual herbs, simple or branched, glabrous or glandular, with simple leaves or 3-7 lfts., and white, yellow or purplish fls. borne singly or in racemes. The genus is distinguished from Gynandropsis by its short torus, which often bears an appendage, and by the 4-6, rarely 10, stamens. The garden Cleomes are chiefly interesting for their long, purple, spidery stamens and showy rose-colored petals. They succeed in sandy soils and sunny situations, and can be used like castor-oil plants to fill up large haps in a border. C. spinosa is the best, and has lately been planted considerably in public parks amongst shrubbery. Prop. by seeds, which are produced freely in long, slender pods borne on long stalks. For S. speciosa, see Gynandropsis.