What is Cymbidium giganteum?
Cymbidium giganteum is also commonly referred to as Cymbidium iridioides D.Don. It is also known as Brachiopod, Cyperochis, Jensoa, iridorchis or Pachyrhizanthe. The plant genus is also known as boat orchid. First used in 1815, the name of the plant genus was obtained from the Latin word cymba. It refers to a boat.
Cymbidium belongs to the Orchidaceae orchid family and has more than 60 species of evergreen plants. They're native to northern Australia and Asia in the tropics and subtropics. In Asia, the plants are found in the Philippines, China, Borneo, Japan, northern India and Malaysia. The species with large flowers thrive in high altitudes.
Cymbidium giganteum Description
Cymbidium plants can grow up to 6 meters in height while the racemes can go up to 3 meters higher. The sympodial plant racemes sprout from the base of new pseudobulb buds. The plants bloom in winter with each flower growing up to 10cm in diameter. A single plant can bud at least 15 flowers.
Cymbidium giganteum flowers come in a range of colors, including yellowish-green, white, cream, green, pink, yellow, orange, red, brown and black. Some flowers have markings. The plants bloom for about two months and two weeks. The petals and sepals are round and almost of the same size.
Cymbidium flowers are waxy and the plant can survive under extremely low temperatures, explaining their popularity.
Uses of Cymbidium giganteum
In Bhutan, some species of the plant are a delicacy. However, most varieties are used as ornamental plants to beautify gardens and landscapes.
Some popular Cymbidium plant species include the following:
- Cymbidium canaliculatum
- Cymbidium bicolor
- Cymbidium aloifolium
- Cymbidium chloranthum
- Cymbidium angelica
- Cymbidium eburneum
- Cymbidium dayanum
- Cymbidium ensifolium
- Cymbidium goeringii
- Cymbidium elegans
- Cymbidium erythrostylum
- Cymbidium erythraeum
- Cymbidium floribundum
- Cymbidium suave
Grow Cymbidium giganteum at Home
Whether you want to grow Cymbidium for ornamental use or try out its culinary use as in Bhutan, you just need the right growth requirements.
Browse through our list of products for the right gardening tools to help you grow Cymbidium plants at home.