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Bellis Perennis (Daisy)

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Bellis Perennis (Daisy)

(i.e., day's eye, in allusion to the sun-like form of the flower). A name which properly belongs to the Bellis perennis of Europe, a low early-flowering composite, which, in its double forms, is widely known as a garden plant (see Bellis).

Excellent for the wild garden or shrubbery on account ofits striking sub-tropical effect. Though extremely effec tive also in the back of large herbaceous borders,

it is there apt to prove troublesome as it spreads very rapidly by suckers. A perfectly hardy perennial of easiest culture; being a gross feeder it does best in very rich soil, but will grow anywhere. Requires sun. Propagate by seed, or usually by suckers, any one of which, if detached, will make a strong plant in a single season.

The American congener is B. integrifolia, Michx., an annual or biennial, very like the Old World species, ranging south-westward from Kentucky; it is not domesticated. In N. America, the word Daisy is applied to many field composites, particularly to those of comparatively low growth and large flower-heads.

Unqualified, the word is commonly understood to mean Chrysanthemum Leucanthemum, an Old World plant which has become an abundant field weed in the eastern part of the country.

This plant is also commonly known as the Ox-Eye Daisy, although in parts of New England it is known as Whiteweed, and the term Ox-Eye is applied to Rudbeckia hiria, which has a yellow-rayed head. Kin to the Chrysanthemim Leucanthemum are the Paris Daisies, or Marguerites, of the conservatories (see Chrysanthemum). The wild Asters are called Daisies, especially Michaelmas Daisies, in many parts of the country, particularly west of New York. Spring-flowering Erigerons also are called Daisies. The Swan River Daisy is Brachycome iberidifolia. The African Daisy is a species of Lonas.

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