Downihgia

(after Andrew Jackson Downing, of whom a sketch is given above). Lobelidceae. Three species of annual herbs, 2 from western America, 1 from Chile, much branched, diffuse, with pretty and characteristic fls. Lvs. alternate, entire, passing above into bracts : fls. blue or violet, marked with yellow and white; corolla 2-lipped, the upper lobes much narrower than the 3 lower ones; tube of stamens free from the corolla: seeds numerous, small, oblong to spindle-shaped. This genus has no near allies of much garden value. It is
still known to the trade as Clintonia. David Douglas (see Douglasia) named it after DeWitt Clinton in 1829, but in 1818 a genus of the lily family had been named after the celebrated Governor of New York and projector of the Erie canal.

In 1836 Lindley wrote, in the Botanical Register, of 0. pulchella: "I figure this little plant more for the sake of recording its existence than from any expectation that it will ever become an object of horticultural interest, for since C. elegans, a far hardier and more cultivable plant, has disappeared, there can be little hope that this, beautiful as it is, will be preserved.” Nevertheless, pulchella is still cultivated, while elegans is unknown to the American trade. In Lindley's time, pulchella was grown in a flower pot and,treated as a tender plant. Nowadays it is considered perfectly hardy, the seed being sown in the open ground. The credit of simplifying the culture of this plant is given to Haage & Schmidt, Erfurt, Germany, who have fixed varieties that are chiefly blue and chiefly violet, though in each case the 3 lower lobes of the corolla have a 3-lobed spot of white in the middle, and a 3-lobed spot of yellow at the base.

The plants grow about 6 in. high, and have been recommended for edgings. For culture, see Annuals.

A. Fls. large, with a S-lobed spot of yellow: lvs. obtuse, narrow.

pulchélla, Torr. (Clintonia pulchélla, Lindl.).

The lower lip more dilated and more deeply 3-lobed. The 2 divisions of the upper lip ovate-Ianceolate or oblong and strongly diverging. Calif. B.R. 2?: 1909. R.H. 1861: 171. 

R.H. 1895, p. 19, shows its straggling habit as a pot-plant. Many of the branches fall below the top of the pot.

AA. Fls. half as large as the above, and no yellow spot : lvs. acute, broader.

élegans, Torr. (C. élegana, Doug.). Lvs. ovate to lanceolate; the broad lip moderately 3-lobed; the 2 divisions of the smaller lip lanceolate, parallel; lower lip with a white, but no yellow spot. Calif. B.R. 15: 1241.

W.M.